Many drugs exert their therapeutic effects by binding in cavities or pockets on specific target protein macromolecules. The binding pockets on proteins are mobile and dynamic and constantly changing shape. Some pockets or subpockets can be described as transient because they are not always present in the given protein. In structure-based drug design procedures, the dynamic nature of the target protein is usually neglected. A crystal structure of the protein may not reveal transient pockets as it provides a picture of a fixed state of the protein. The analysis of molecular dynamics simulations of a protein can however reveal them. Transient pockets are particularly interesting because they can open and close, allowing ligands to bind. Transient pockets can therefore be exploited to design compounds with greater target specificity or better kinetic binding properties than would be achieved by considering the target as a static structure.
The TRAnsient Pockets in Proteins (TRAPP) webserver, developed in the Molecular and Cellular Modeling (MCM) group at HITS and recently published in the journal Nucleic Acids Research, allows users to employ a range of computational methods to generate snapshots of protein structures, to evaluate them for flexibility, and to detect and characterize transient pockets. The information TRAPP provides can be used to explore protein motion and flexibility, the appearance of transient pockets and the physiochemical, sequence and functional characteristics of binding pockets. The TRAPP webserver provides a user-friendly environment for a dynamic-structure-based approach to drug discovery.
Antonia Stank, Daria B. Kokh, Max Horn, Elena Sizikova, Rebecca Neil, Joanna Panecka, Stefan Richter and Rebecca C. Wade. TRAPP webserver: predicting protein binding site flexibility and detecting transient binding pockets. Nucleic Acids Res (2017) gkx277. (Fulltext)
The Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies (HITS) was established in 2010 by the physicist and SAP co-founder Klaus Tschira (1940-2015) and the Klaus Tschira Foundation as a private, non-profit research institute. HITS conducts basic research in the natural sciences, mathematics and computer science, with a focus on the processing, structuring, and analyzing of large amounts of complex data and the development of computational methods and software. The research fields range from molecular biology to astrophysics. The shareholders of HITS are the HITS-Stiftung, which is a subsidiary of the Klaus Tschira Foundation, Heidelberg University and the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT). HITS also cooperates with other universities and research institutes and with industrial partners. The base funding of HITS is provided by the HITS Stiftung with funds received from the Klaus Tschira Foundation. The primary external funding agencies are the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), the German Research Foundation (DFG), and the European Union.
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