At the first “Ethics in Natural Language Processing” workshop in Valencia, scientists discussed the opportunities and dangers of automatic speech analysis. According to HITS researcher Michael Strube, “Exceedingly few people know how well we can analyze unstructured data.”
Smartphones are a part of our everyday lives both at work and at home. We write emails, post messages to social networks, and make use of voice commands. However, it is all too easy for us to forget the downside of this convenience: Even seemingly unstructured data, such as spoken language and posts to social networks, can now be analyzed by algorithms. What’s more, algorithms can influence human behavior, as was the case with the so-called “chatbots” used in the 2016 US presidential campaign. “Very few people know how well we can analyze unstructured data,” computer scientist Michael Strube told the German newspaper “Süddeutsche Zeitung.” Strube heads the research group “Natural Language Processing” at HITS and was one of the organizers of the first workshop on ethics in natural language processing, which took place on the 4th of April at the EACL Conference in Valencia. He has focused the topic of the “dark side” of algorithms for a number of years and is trying to raise awareness about this problem among colleagues and the public at large through lectures.
The co-organizers of the workshop include computer scientist Dirk Hovy from the University of Copenhagen and Hanna Wallach, a specialist in machine learning and a senior researcher at Microsoft Research. The topics of the workshop range from social prejudices, stereotypes, and gender discrimination to the question of how speech tools can be programmed to meet ethical standards. According to Michael Strube, “The standards maintained in medical research should be the same for computational linguistics. Scientists should be aware of how their research could be misused.”
The article in the “Süddeutsche Zeitung” (in German):
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The Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies (HITS) was established in 2010 by the physicist and SAP co-founder Klaus Tschira (1940-2015) and the Klaus Tschira Foundation as a private, non-profit research institute. HITS conducts basic research in the natural sciences, mathematics and computer science, with a focus on the processing, structuring, and analyzing of large amounts of complex data and the development of computational methods and software. The research fields range from molecular biology to astrophysics. The shareholders of HITS are the HITS-Stiftung, which is a subsidiary of the Klaus Tschira Foundation, Heidelberg University and the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT). HITS also cooperates with other universities and research institutes and with industrial partners. The base funding of HITS is provided by the HITS Stiftung with funds received from the Klaus Tschira Foundation. The primary external funding agencies are the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), the German Research Foundation (DFG), and the European Union.