Molecular Biomechanics (MBM)
Proteins are exposed to and tightly regulated by mechanical forces, altering their dynamics, reactivity, and function. The major interest of the Molecular Biomechanics group is to decipher how proteins have been designed to specifically respond to mechanical forces in the cellular environment or outside of the cell. Our aim is to discover new molecular force sensors of living organisms, and to decipher their inner workings. Our research focuses on protein materials, mechanoenzymes, and disordered proteins, with recent examples including collagen, the von Willebrand factor, and Focal Adhesion Kinase.
We use Molecular Dynamics simulations, Force Distribution Analysis, Finite Element Analysis, and other computational techniques to study protein dynamics and mechanics on different length and time scales. Our aim is to provide a conclusive answer to the question of how mechanical forces influence living organisms at the level of individual molecules.
The Molecular Biomechanics group is a highly interdisciplinary group comprising physicists, chemists, and biologists. We make use and further develop various computational and theoretical techniques, among others Molecular Dynamics simulations, Monte Carlo techniques, quantum chemistry, machine learning, and bioinformatics approaches. More recently, we have also embarked on biophysical and biochemical experiments to validate our computational predictions. For virtually all of the projects, we also extensively collaborate with experimental research labs world-wide.